Gluten-free Artisan Breads and Pizza – The Gluten-free Trials

I make a lot of artisan breads and pizzas.  Gluten is a big part of what makes those types of bread work correctly but I meet more and more people that are allergic and/or intolerant to gluten.  Often people express the remorse of not being able to make/buy good bread and pizzas, especially artisan-style breads.  Long story short… After pondering the idea for a couple years and a couple sub-par attempts, I had a few ideas that might work and I began the funktified gluten-free bread recipe trials.

I have been posting photos of the successful trial recipes on the Funktified Food facebook page with recipes and notes. Trial #6 was particularly successful for a number of applications, so I figured I’d do a real blog about it.  I probably should have done a bunch of little blogs but decided just to throw it all into one post.  Don’t be scared away by all of my over-explaining and extra information, it really is fairly easy and you CAN do it.

I should also note that I am not gluten-intolerant (or a doctor… or even a chef…) so if any of the more experienced GF bakers notice that I am doing anything stupid or dangerous… please let me know!  Please double-check the ingredients before you proceed, especially if you are making it for someone with severe intolerance…

The 3 BIG questions that I wanted to answer about gluten-free artisan breads:

Q. Can I make a wild yeast starter with gluten-free flours?
A. YES!  It actually worked very well.  I have made a couple gluten-free starters using  various methods and flours, my favorite method is harvesting wild yeast from local grapes.

Gluten-free Wild Yeast Starter

Q. Can I get the bread to rise and have texture similar to breads with gluten?
A. Yes.  ‘Similar’ is the key word, but I have used a couple methods that have gotten good results.

Q. Can I make the different shapes and styles of artisan breads with gluten-free breads?
A. Yes.  It takes a little different technique and it isn’t quite the same, but it is possible and that is exciting.

Normally, I may work on a recipe for months or years before I blog/video about it… but this time instead, I want to blog along the way and invite you to improve upon my recipes or learn from my mistakes. Be warned that these recipes are all in the experimental phase.  ;)

Gluten-free Bread Trial Recipe #6

= Combine in a big bowl (I like a 4 quart bowl) with lid or plastic wrap to cover:
1 cup all-purpose gluten-free flour
1/2 cup Harina de Maiz (Instant Corn Masa)
1/2 cup Potato Flakes
2 TB Chia Seeds
1 TB Honey
1 tsp of a quality sea salt
1.5 cups Spring Water
= Beat with hand mixer on medium low for 2-3 minutes.

= Add and stir:
1 cup wild yeast starter*
= Let sit 8 hours (a couple hours should suffice if you don’t have the time) covered on counter at room temperature or in the fridge if you live in a hot humid climate or if you don’t want to leave it out (but you’ll have to let if warm up to room temp after you take it out.)   If you don’t have this much time or if this long fermentation scares you, try a shorter amount of time.) You could let it sit overnight and do the next step in the morning or you could do the first step in the morning and the next step when you get back from work, etc.

= After letting it sit, it should have bubbled up and become very active.  Add and stir:
1 egg, beaten
1 TB Olive Oil
1 – 1.5 cups flour**

=At this point it will resemble a thick paste and you won’t be able to stretch it or knead it.  You can use the same dough to try several shapes, applications.  I usually use a little additional gluten-free flour and corn meal or rice flour to dust dough/board while I am working.  I have tried breads in mini pans, pizzas/flatbreads on a baking stone, cast iron pans, etc.  I have tried temperatures from 350 to 450.  For bigger loaves, a lower temperature is better to allow the bread to cook through without burning the outside and for pizzas and flatbreads, a higher temperature will often yield more color and crisper crust on the bottom.  It is all personal preference really, keep a thermometer handy, when your bread hits about 200-210, it is done (Try not to poke it too often/early, you want to keep as much of the gases and steam inside.)  All of my gluten-free breads seem to take twice as long to bake as their gluten-counterparts.

IMPORTANT:  In gluten breads, the gluten forms a bond on the outside of the dough that holds in the gases/bubbles when it rises… so you HAVE to ‘seal’ the outside of the dough with oil, eggwash or maybe even water.  Smooth out all the top and edges, be sure that there are no cracks in the dough.  I think I like using a simple eggwash (egg+a little water,beaten well) best and brushing it on, oil worked well too but using too much oil will resulted in kind of a ‘fried dough’ texture.  After it is sealed, let it rise (a warm place will make it rise faster), 30-60 minutes should do the trick.

Overall advice:
- My advice is to top your breads/pizzas with flavorful ingredients… because these breads will never taste like wheat, having the dominant flavors be your toppings yields better results.
- I like the Gluten-free breads best when they are grilled/toasted.. they usually actually toast very well.

(*If you don’t have a wild yeast starter, you should be able to substitute a mix of about 2/3cup flour + 1/3-1/2cup water + 1. tsp yeast . It should be about the consistency of pancake batter.  With wheat flour the ratio is usually 2:1 Flour to Water but the ratio can vary with gluten-free flours and is often more like 3:2.)

(**The amount of hydration you prefer has trade-offs similar to gluten doughs in some ways.  If you have a wetter dough, you may get bigger bubbles that form in the bread while it rises and bakes allowing for more pronounced texture and rise BUT a wetter dough has less stability to hold shape and vice-versa.  There isn’t a ‘right’ answer, it is whichever you prefer to work with/eat.)

A few how-tos on different styles of bread:
Gluten-free Loaves: I thought this dough worked well for mini-loaves (It should make 3-4, depending on how high you fill the pan.  I also made “baguette” style loaves by making a little mold out of non-stick foil and sitting on my baguette tray.  You can sprinkle with seeds/etc if you prefer right after you seal the dough, while it is still wet to allow the seeds to stick.

Gluten-free "Baguette"

Gluten-free Focaccia: The focaccia with this recipe was perhaps my favorite gluten-free bread of the trials.  I made one in a little 6inch cast iron skillet and one in a small 6-inch dish. Lightly grease the dishes, brush with egg wash and seal the top. You can put garlic and herbs right in the dough and/or on top.  I made one topped with herb butter, fresh garlic, finished with extra virgin olive oil and course sea salt.  I also tried one topped with pizza sauce.  You can use two fingers to push down the dough to make the pattern usually found in focaccia as long as you make sure that the seal on the top of the dough isn’t broken. These took 45+minutes plus at 375.

Gluten-free Focaccia

Gluten-free Pizzas: This dough makes a decent pizza (although I thought recipe trials #2 made better pizzas.)  Form into pizza shape on a piece of non-stick foil, a little corn meal on the bottom of the pizza works well. Brush with egg wash and pre-bake 3 minutes on preheated stone at 425. (A preheated cast iron pan or even a pre-heated upside down cookie sheet should suffice if you don’t have a stone.) Remove the dough once it has set (3minutes did the trick for me) and add toppings and bake for an additional 8-12 minutes or until cheese is browned.

Gluten-free Pizza Recipe Trial #1 HERE

Gluten-free Pizza Recipe Trial #2 HERE

Gluten-free Flatbreads: Worked pretty well with trial number #6, although I am guessing that recipe #2 would work even better.  The technique is similar to pizzas. The important think is to make sure that the edges of the dough are sealed!  I like egg wash much better for this style breads, I think sealing with oil for this style results in more of a fried crispiness.

Gluten-free Bagels:  Bagels may be a bit of a stretch but I figured I should try and ‘jump the shark’ while I am trying experiments.  I shaped the bagels, dropped in boiling water (with a little honey and touch of baking soda) for about a minute until they float.  Place on baking sheet with corn meal, brush with egg wash, top with toppings.  It ‘worked’ and is passable if you haven’t had a real bagel in a while. ha.  It might be fun to try if you are craving a homemade bagel.

Gluten-free Raisin Bread: I took a section of this dough and tried a couple little raisin bread loaves.  I added a little cinnamon, raisins, a touch of raw honey and then followed the directions for the gluten-free loaves above. In theory, you should be able to add which ever fruits and nuts you like to the bread.

I continue to post more recipes/photos/tips weekly at: http://www.facebook.com/FunktifiedFood

Easy Wild Yeast Pizza and Artisian Bread Recipe

Wild Yeast Pizzas - Funktified Food

 

Dear blog… I kind of got busy with life and have neglected you.  My daughter is taking a nap so I going to attempt to actually type up a real blog post!  (I do mini-blog with photos a couple times a week at: http://www.facebook.com/FunktifiedFood)

Long story short… I bake pizzas and breads once a week and have been using wild yeast starters exclusively for almost a year now to make all my pizzas.  My main starters have yeast strains ‘harvested’ from organic and wild grapes that I made using the directions in this blog written by John Gutekanst aka ‘The Pizza Goon’: http://pizzagoon.com/tag/activating-wild-yeast  

I have been working on pizza (and artisan bread) dough recipes for a couple years and trying lots of ingredients and techniques.  I have lots of methods that work well but I have realized that not everyone is as crazy as I am and most people want a recipe easily quantified and that require less steps than some of my methods.  I have been sharing my starter with friends lately and wanted an easier recipe to give them. I basically start with the ’1:1 flour to starter ratio’ and technique from Pizza Goon Blog with some of my favorite flours and added a little bit of honey and malted barley syrup. I have done it a few times and it works great.

Pizza Dough RECIPE:

First, I feed the starter and leave it out for a few hours (or overnight) before using it.

In a bowl:
2 cups wild yeast starter (2:1 Flour:Water Ratio)
~1 tsp. honey (optional)
~1 tsp. malted barley syrup (optional)
—STIR

2 cups flour (I use 1 cup high gluten, 3/4 cup spelt, 1/4 cup rye)
—STIR/Mix with hands–

When it is almost mixed add:
Dash of sea salt (~1/2 tsp)
Splash of olive oil (~tsp)
—Knead for a couple minutes.  Let dough rest for 10-15 minutes.  Portion off into balls, roll them in  your hand until the outer surface is sealed, put in a container, cover with an oiled plastic wrap and put in refrigerator.

If you need a visual for the dough: There is a good video/blog using the same method of making dough HERE.

The slow rise in the fridge will develop flavor and it also does other somewhat magical things to the dough.  It works great after a day or two in the fridge and will keep for 4-5 days.  If you have time, leave the dough out for 3-4 hours to proof at room temp before you use it. If you don’t have time to leave it out, it will work fairly decently right out of fridge.  I dust the dough and my board with a 50/50 mix of semolina and high gluten or spelt flour before rolling out.

I bake thin crust pizzas for 8 minutes on a preheated stone at 550.  For thicker pizzas, focaccia or cheese bread, I often use cast iron pans for about 12-20 minutes at about 400.  I also have used this dough recipe for baguettes and bake for about 15-18 minutes on a baguette pan at 490.  If you can’t tell when your pizzas or breads are done… Pizzas are done when the cheese is melted and bottom of crust is lightly browned.  Breads are done when the internal temperature is at around 200.

Funktified Food Wild Yeast - Italian Meat Pizza

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Pizza - Italian Meat

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Pizza - Tomato Basil

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Pizza - Tomato Basil

 

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Pizza - Prosciutto, Arugula, Olives, Roasted Peppers

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Pizza - Prosciutto, Arugula, Olives, Roasted Peppers

 

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Baguettes

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Baguettes

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Calzone

Funktified Food Wild Yeast Calzone

 

Funktified Food - Wild Yeast Focaccia - Herb-Garlic-Sea Salt

Funktified Food - Wild Yeast Focaccia - Herb-Garlic-Sea Salt

 

I check my blog comments fairly irregularly (but I do read them all and answer eventually!) I respond much quicker at:  http://www.facebook.com/FunktifiedFood  So… ummm… come and find me on facebook.

Barbeque Pork Pizza and a Flashback.

BBQ Pork Pizza - Funktified Food

If you have ever written a book, been recorded in video or audio form, or any permanent record of a part of your knowledge or skill at a given point in time… you know that looking back after a year or two or ten.. is always an interesting experience.

I released my first solo album in 2000.  A listen back to that album feels similar to watching the first Funktified Food pilot video that UnoDeuce Multimedia and I recorded in December 2009.  I look back and realize that I was onto something and people liked it… but I have learned a lot since then. ha.

Many hundreds of pizzas later, I’ve experimented with lots of different flours, baking techniques, learned how to knead properly and even foraged wild grapes to harvest my own yeast to make a wild yeast pizza dough starter… I make at least a dozen pizzas and artisan breads most weeks but all of that is for another future blog posts… I’m here to revisit Barbeque Pizza.

Barbeque Chicken Pizza is still a pizza that a lot of friends request but my favorite Barbeque Pizza is a Barbeque Pork Pizza!  I often make a few versions of this dish depending on what I have in my refrigerator at the time.

PULLED PORK PIZZA:  The day after a barbecue, I often make a pulled pork version with leftovers… I usually add a some sesame seeds to the edges of the crust (to simulate a bun)… a light layer of cheese first (to act as the glue to keep the toppings from sliding off) then pulled pork and bbq sauce and a little more cheese… and the kicker is to serve it with a scoop of coleslaw.  Simple. Easy. Tasty.

Pulled Pork Pizza with Coleslaw

BBQ PORK PIZZA V.2.0: The other style Barbeque Pork Pizza that I like to make whenever I have extra pork tenderloin or pork loin…  I usually start with a light layer of cheese (the glue) then thinly sliced pork loin then bbq sauce then more cheese (mozzarella would be fine but try it with a smoked provolone or Swiss for a twist)  and fire-roasted green chiles, red onions, matchstick carrots and shredded red cabbage.  Not only is it colorful, it is tasty.

BBQ Pork Pizza

VEGETARIAN BBQ PIZZA OPTION: Try zucchini slices instead of pork or chicken… add a few hulled pumpkin seeds for a little extra crunch.

BBQ Chicken Pizza with a semi-homemade crust is the pilot episode for Funktified Food.   Although efficient, the crust recipe seems like a rather silly recipe now (although lots of people like it)… but I know that it was my first foray into something I had been avoiding for a long time… baking!   It is a little embarrassing for me to watch now…  (AND I’ve lost 25+lbs since this was filmed.  Not to mention the camera adds another 15lbs. ha.)

I used to be very scared of baking because I was always told “it has to be exactly the right measurements or it won’t turn out, etc…”  Not only did that scare me, it didn’t sound like much fun to me…  BUT I’ve learned that you CAN experiment with baking and I make pizzas and artisan breads every week these days.  More about the breads and other pizzas that I’ve made on Facebook and YouTube.

Whew.  It has been a busy week taking care of my daughter Louisa and helping my friend’s band AtAverage record their new album, but I managed to finish the blog post. 

Comments, ideas and questions are welcome.  Thanks for reading.  – dan

Extra Links:

  • Bone Daddy’s BBQ is the sauce that I use for the pizzas.  It is a BBQ joint a few miles from my house and has won a bunch of national awards.
  • Pizza Crust Video Recipe – An older pizza dough recipe from Funktified Food episode #8… it works even if you have bad technique and poor kneading skills like I did in this video.  ;)
  • How to Fire-Roast Chiles Video Tutorial – If you want to get crazy and fire roast your own green chiles… I’ll show you how to roast them on the stove, in an oven or on the grill.
  • How to make Pizza on the Grill Video - If you want to make your barbecue pizza on the grill… Funktified Food episode #30 shows how to make a flatbread pizza directly on the grill grate.